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6. Again, to save the file you need to press Ctrl+X , then Y and then Enter .
1. Run the command: $ nano /etc/openvpn/auth.txt This will create a text file in the config folder and open it with nano editor.
3. To save the file you need to press Ctrl+X key combination, then Y key and then Enter . Now you are back to the command line and need change permissions for auth.txt file: $ sudo chmod 400 /etc/openvpn/auth.txt.
So the path for vpn-sf14_ovpn088_account.ovpn file in the Downloads folder will be.
Of course apt-get and yum commands will only work if the repositories are correctly configured, they usually are by default. If not you can refer these instructions for apt and yum, unfortunately this is too far from the scope of this tutorial.
First you need to install the openvpn package on your Linux system.
In this case vpn-XXX_ovpnXXX_account.ovpn is just an example, your config file will have its own name such as vpn-sf14_ovpn088_account.ovpn. And you may also need to include the path to the file before its name. For example if the file was downloaded from the browser it is usually placed in the Downloads folder inside your Home folder.
In this case just switch user to root using su command (type " su ", hit Enter and then provide your root password). After that use all the same commands from this tutorial, but without " sudo " in the beginning, e.g. " apt-get -y install openvpn " instead of " sudo apt-get -y install openvpn ".
Please note: If you leave the configuration like this on Debian, Ubuntu and Linux Mint, the VPN will start and connect automatically on the system startup. If you don't need this behaviour and want to start it manually every time you need it, you need to remove the service startup links, use this command: $ sudo update-rc.d -f openvpn disable.
On CentOS, Fedora and openSUSE use: $ sudo yum -y install openvpn.
On CentOS, Fedora and openSUSE: $ sudo systemctl start firstname.lastname@example.org If you have selinux enabled, you also need to run this command before the service start: $ sudo restorecon -v /etc/openvpn/strongvpn.conf To disconnect use: $ sudo systemctl stop email@example.com.
4. Now you need to edit the config file: $ nano /etc/openvpn/strongvpn.conf.
On CentOS you may need to install EPEL repository firstly: $ sudo yum -y install epel-release.
This page describes the command line setup of OpenVPN connection type on various most popular Linux distributions. If you don't see your Linux distribution here, the easiest solution is to check which package system it uses (DEB-based distros setup will be similar to Debian, RPM-based distros will set up similar to CentOS). If your distro is none of above, then you would want to search the specific instructions for it on your own. Also, OpenVPN is strongly recommended for Linux since the support of open source technologies (which OpenVPN is) on Linux is much better than proprietary technologies such as PPTP.
If you are using our new OpenVPN servers (basically if your config file name starts with " str " letters), you will also need to set up the login and password authentication, otherwise VPN will not connect. Check the " Saving the login and password for the OpenVPN on Linux command line setup " section in the appendix of this tutorial. If your config file name starts with " vpn " letters just continue to the next step.
Connecting on the system startup.
It may ask your user password, you need to type it. During this process, you will not see anything show up after word "Password:" as you type. This is intentional and is there so that someone else looking at your display can not guess your password by the number of characters. Again, for sudo you need to provide your user password, not root password.
/Downloads/vpn-sf14_ovpn088_account.ovpn and the command will look like " mv.
Also, the word " sudo " means that the command after it should be executed with root privileges.
After that you need to download the config file. If you have GUI (Graphic User Interface - basically if you see mouse cursor and can open the web browser), you can directly download it from the Customer Area. Check this tutorial to see how.
5. Change the line from " auth-user-pass " to " auth-user-pass /etc/openvpn/auth.txt " (without quotes).
The key thing for OpenVPN troubleshooting is finding its log. For example if you start the OpenVPN, but IP address on computer didn't change, you need to check what you have in the log. To get logs on Debian, Ubuntu and Linux Mint use: $ sudo grep ovpn /var/log/syslog For CentOS, Fedora and openSUSE use: $ sudo systemctl status -l firstname.lastname@example.org.
2. Insert: The first line should be VPN server login. The second line should be your password.
Now you can connect and disconnect the OpenVPN.
Now you need to move the config file to the OpenVPN configuration folder. $ sudo mv vpn-XXX_ovpnXXX_account.ovpn /etc/openvpn/strongvpn.conf.
Some of them may have it preinstalled (like Fedora version 22 or openSUSE leap 42.1). On Debian, Ubuntu and Linux Mint use: $ sudo apt-get -y install openvpn.
Here and below: The dollar sign means that the command is run by regular user (not root) and that sign is not included in actual command text. So the command you need to type is " sudo apt-get -y install openvpn " (without quotes).
If you see " Initialization Sequence Completed " as the last line, the VPN should be connected fine. If you see anything else, for example openvpn package on Fedora 22 has this bug resulting with this in the log when running OpenVPN with disabled encryption: Assertion failed at crypto_openssl.c:523 Exiting due to fatal error.
For CentOS, Fedora and openSUSE use: $ sudo systemctl enable email@example.com.
/Downloads/vpn-sf14_ovpn088_account.ovpn /etc/openvpn/strongvpn.conf " (here are the tutorials to learn about absolute and relative paths in Linux systems).
Saving the login and password for the OpenVPN on Linux command line setup.
You may often need to have OpenVPN always connected on Linux system and reconnect on reboot, because Linux often used as server platforms. To acomplish this in Debian, Ubuntu and Linux Mint you need to check the Step 5 above.
If you only have command line (if working on remote server via SSH for example), you need to download it on another computer and then trasfer to the server. For example using SCP.
General Linux Command Line OpenVPN Setup Tutorial.
On Debian, Ubuntu and Linux Mint use: $ sudo service openvpn start To disconnect use: $ sudo service openvpn stop.
Now OpenVPN will not ask for username and password on connection.
If you have errors with sudo command, that means sudo package is either not installed or configured. For example it is installed and configured out of the box on Ubuntu, installed but not configured on Fedora and not installed at all on Debian.
Let us assume you have downloaded your config file now.
You can either put the error text in Google and try to fix it by yourself, or you can just provide the full log text to us and we'll try to help.
We will assume that your VPN configuration file is stored in the /etc/openvpn folder under the name strongvpn.conf .