Achieving and maintaining good heart-healthy living with diabetes involves proper management of blood glucose, lifestyle modifications, and exercise. Diabetics must carefully watch gluconite their food intake, especially processed food, sugar, carbohydrates and fats. A diabetic should also avoid fatty foods, and if at all possible, eat foods that are low in carbohydrates, saturated fat and cholesterol.
A diabetic who consumes a diabetic meal with one gram of carbohydrates has a ten percent increased risk for developing complications of diabetes such as congestive heart failure and stroke, or having to have a blood transfusion. Furthermore, when the carbohydrate in the meal contains more than 25 grams per serving, the risk of developing diabetic ketoacidosis, or DKA, increases by 50 percent.
When a diabetic's blood glucose level is too high, diabetic ketoacidosis occurs. For example, in a diabetic who has dangerously high blood sugar level, the kidneys will convert stored sugar into lactic acid in order to raise blood glucose level back to normal levels. In this case, the result can be fatal.
As a rule, diabetics consume foods containing a moderate amount of sugar, so as to reduce their risk for developing diabetic ketoacidosis. For example, when they take meals containing rice, which is very high in calories, the chances of developing ketoacidosis increases, and they may even experience vomiting. When a diabetic eats meat, the chance of developing ketoacidosis also increases. To avoid having a blood transfusion, diabetics should avoid red meat.
Also, since eating less carbohydrates is helpful to diabetics, dietitians recommend that diabetics should try to maintain a balanced weight and avoid consuming less carbohydrates than they need every day. They can do this by eating more protein than they are supposed to, instead of eating more carbohydrates. Protein helps the body in building more muscles, while the carbs, if eaten regularly, help in storing the energy the body generates during physical activities.
Diabetics must keep track of their blood glucose level every day. This way, the diabetic can check his condition at regular intervals and adjust his treatment if necessary. However, some diabetes conditions require immediate medical attention. Some patients may even have to undergo surgery if they do not respond to diabetes medications. For instance, in most cases of diabetes, patients do not need to stay hospitalized, but instead they can go home after their daily glucose tests.
If a diabetic has to have a blood transfusion, he or she must first consult his doctor and obtain the proper diagnosis of diabetes. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, the doctor may provide advice about medication and treatment. Medications available for diabetics depend on the specific type of diabetes a person has. If you've been diagnosed with Type I diabetes, you may need to have a blood transfusion as well as insulin. Patients who have Type II diabetes may not need to have a transfusion, but they also may need to change their lifestyle and avoid some sugar rich foods.
A physician also recommends that a patient suffering from Type II diabetes, have a check-up at least once every year. During your yearly check-up, your doctor may ask about your diabetes medications, and other aspects of your life. You may have to ask whether you are currently taking any medications, such as anti-hypertensives, or are you taking any medications to increase your heart rate.
Diabetes treatment is designed to help diabetics reduce the number of symptoms they have to endure. The most common type of diabetes treatment used by diabetics is called insulin. This type of treatment involves injecting your bloodstream with the correct amount of insulin to increase the amount of glucose in the blood stream. Once the amount of glucose reaches a certain level, the body will use the energy it has stored to produce the proper amount of insulin.
Another type of diabetes treatment is called Accu-Chek. This type of treatment involves using an oral syringe that is inserted into the mouth and delivers the correct amount of insulin into the blood stream. It is usually administered twice a day to a patient's bloodstream. If you are prescribed insulin, you should check with your doctor before you start the treatment.
These diabetes treatment options can be very helpful to diabetics. In addition to treatment, a healthy diet, exercise and plenty of exercise can greatly improve a person's quality of life. Diabetes patients must take note that their bodies cannot function without insulin, so they should always watch their sugar intake.