Well, developers, 2021 is your year. Companies in almost every industry are working feverishly to expand and automate their IT operations.
I know, I know, I know. The need for developers is not new; 2021 will deploy some of the most exciting technologies of the decade and the year when other technologies will finally go mainstream. Recent trends such as computing, machine learning, and artificial intelligence will take hold and become even more widespread. And many of these trends, like blockchain and artificial intelligence (AI), will have an impact beyond our understanding.
Six software developmenttrends for 2021
Demand for blockchain developers will continue to rise.
The blockchain industry experienced a "crypto winter" at the end of 2019, which gave it a chance to weed out pointless projects. Some have argued that this was a much-needed purge to keep the most severe projects in the blockchain space going. Despite these difficult times, the number of blockchain startups continues to grow.
According to Indeed.com, the percentage of cryptocurrency jobs per million has increase26% last year. Still, the rate per million has decreased by 53%, which means that the blockchain industry's demand for expertise is very high. While most companies are looking for Ethereum and Bitcoin experts, many other projects need highly skilled blockchain developers.
The IoT is getting sidelined
Wearables like the Fitbit and Apple Watch are getting most of the attention, but they are only a niche in the vast IoT ecosystem. Almost everything is becoming a data collector, from cars to roads, from in-depth sea oil platforms to living rooms. These devices collect vast amounts of data, and IT companies are looking for cheap and fast ways to process all this data, where edge computing will play a role in 2021.
The growing importance of edge computing will change databases and engineers. Also, faster real-time analytics will give developers a seat at the strategy table as more companies adopt BizDevOps.
Edge computing will impact every layer of IT infrastructure, including the cloud itself. But some experts warn of the pitfalls of edge computing.
Cybersecurity reaches a tipping point.
With Equifax, WannaCry, Uber, and the National Security Agency at the center, 2017 was a terrible year for personal information on the web. Security is a prime advantage for every business, organization, and government worldwide, which means resources poured into developing new solutions.
Cybersecurity efforts into two categories. Internal and external. Internally, companies should focus on security in their software. DevOps teams focus on automating security testing into the software development lifecycle, which ensures that vulnerabilities do not arise during development.
However, there is a shortage of cybersecurity talent. InfoSecurity magazine reports that 65% of companies surveyed say a lack of cybersecurity staff. Furthermore, the survey also found that this shortage of skilled cybersecurity professionals is their biggest concern. This shortage does not only impact large companies. ESG's Jon Oltsik believes that the cybersecurity skills shortage.
Like blockchain, edge computing and cybersecurity represent another greenfield for developers whose skills will remain in top demand for the future. It could be one of the job opportunities of our generation. Therefore, cybersecurity deserves a place on the list of software development trends for 2021.
Continual delivery is no longer a competitive advantage; it's about the table.
Software delivery will reach Formula 1 speeds in 2021, led by giants like Amazon, which reportedly ships new code every 11.7 seconds. Not every enterprise needs to be that fast, but Constant Delivery offers several benefits beyond just delivery speed. These benefits are becoming a game-changer in highly competitive software niches.
In a nutshell, Continuous Delivery means that your software build's default state is "ready to deploy."
Although Continuous Delivery speeds up deployment, it helps teams reduce the number of bugs that make it into production. Continuous testing immediately identifies any bugs and sends them back to the developer for correction. Besides, Continuous Delivery helps teams stay on track in developing software that customers want. The agile principle of short feedback loops gets new versions into the hands of customers quickly.
Constant Delivery requires several tools to work, including a CI build server, monitoring tools, and code management platforms. To learn more about Continuous Delivery, visit Stackify.
Artificial intelligence and security are becoming a necessity.
We have reached a point where businesses must use AI to stay relevant. Voice-controlled home assistants, smartphones, Big Data, and Insight-as-a-Service providers will all have significant years due to this AI adoption.
Also, AI security is an area that will grow in the 2021s., but there is a lack of security aspect. For example, A self-driving car relies on reading information from the real world, such as a stop sign. What happens if a malicious person decides to put a 45-mile sticker on the stop sign? Then AI will interpret this intersection with a stop sign as a regular road and drive through it at high speed, which is a straightforward and easy attack to fool the AI.
Another trick is to transmit sound over hundreds of meters using a laser to send voice commands. Through this laser, they can talk silently to any voice-controlled device, which is a very horrifying discovery. It allows hostile people to make purchases or even open garage doors.
In summary, spending on AI solutions is growing at 46.2% annually and will reach $52.2 billion by 2021.
The Distributed Cloud
The Distributed Cloud is already here in the early 2021s. The cloud is nothing new, but its use is innovative. Distributed clouds are the distribution of services across various cloud providers, but it also relates to clouds' geographical placement. E.g., a cloud provider such as Amazon can have servers in places as diverse as Ireland, the Netherlands, and the USA; as a business, you can reduce the risk of potential service outages by distributing your services geographically across cloud providers.
What are the benefits of a distributed cloud?
Waiting times reduce requests do not have to travel around the world. Response times reduce as proposals are routed to the nearest server hosting the service.
The risk of failure reduces. The service distributes across multiple cloud providers, so if one cloud service fails, the impact on service availability is minimal.
They have improved load balancing. As requests are distributed across multiple cloud providers, load balancing mechanisms, the service can better cope with high loads.
Increasing development capacity finally, let's take a look at how you can adapt to these new development trends.