An elevator car is a compartment that holds and carries a passenger or cargo or both and consists of three main parts.
- The framework is called "Yuk". This framework is divided into several parts, including cross-head and planker.
- Platform on which passengers or cargo are placed.
- Walls that are used as protection.
- The presence of a door for the cabin is mandatory according to the standard of most countries.
The main role of the cabin door is to protect passengers so that they may not hit the well wall when the cabin is moving. کابین آسانسور
The yoke itself consists of three parts: the upper yoke, the side columns and the lower yoke.
In traction elevators, the tow ropes may be attached directly to the chassis or connected to the cab after winding around the idler pulley on or under the cab.
Sliding or roller shoes are mounted on the yokes at the four corners of the cab to guide the cab along the guide rails.
The structure of the yoke is not only important in terms of its strength, but also its adjustment should be such that it is protected from deviation, especially when using roller shoes. Deviation and tilting of the yokes after making them cause problems, but fixing the above problems will be difficult, but not impossible, and therefore it is necessary that the components of the yokes be installed with special care.
The body of the cabin is made of steel sheet with a thickness of at least 1.5 mm and its floor and roof are at least 2 mm. The edges of the slats should be turned at least 3.5 cm in order to strengthen the body while screwing them together. The useful height of the cabin is at least 2 meters.
Luxury steel elevator car
The dimensions of the elevator car are extracted from the standard tables according to the required level of load with one person. In special elevators such as flatbeds, stretchers or wheelchairs, the cabin for entering the equipment has special dimensions that must be observed. Of course, before building the cabin, the dimensions inside the elevator shaft must be thoroughly checked and measured. Then the final dimensions of the elevator car are calculated. The distance between the car body and the inner surface of the elevator shaft wall should be a maximum of 5 cm and a minimum of 2 cm in the measurements.
The reason for making the body in the form of smaller parts for ease of installation and assembly inside the well and also opening and disassembling it from inside the well.
According to EN 81, the cab roof must be constructed in such a way that it can support the weight of at least two people without permanent deflection.آسانسور
The floor of the cabin is made of steel sheet, which may be used to reduce the noise of some wood. Granite, ceramic and scratch-resistant floor coverings are used on the floor to decorate the interior of the cabin, and in car cabins, corrugated sheets are used with the client in the opinion of the designer-architect.
Depending on the use of the elevator, the body of the cabin can be decorated with formica or steel coatings on chipboard.
The distance between the elevator car and the yoke, especially in passenger elevators with elastic parts such as the spring or its rubber type, is used to prevent the transmission of vibrations when the elevator is moving and also when it is stopped and started. In special elevators for transporting goods, the above elastic devices are removed because the important point is that the floor of the cabin is strong so that it can withstand the forces applied to it by the load of the elevator.
In elevators, it is assumed that the load does not enter the elevator car with a maximum capacity of more than 25% per load, but in freight elevators, especially cars, the total car and load of the maximum allowable load for which the car is designed may be. Goes beyond.