Scaling and polishing are two of the most common dental procedures intended for prophylaxis (or prevention of disease). Everyone is advised to brush their teeth at least three times a day or after every meal to avoid teeth damage. However, there are cases where plaque and tartar buildup still occurs. This happens because the mouth and the teeth have bacterial film. The saliva contains calcium needed by the teeth to keep them strong and healthy. As a person eats food, the food is converted into starch or sugar, which then combines with bacteria. As this cycle continues, the teeth are placed in a more acidic environment, which can cause stains and damage to the enamel and even the roots. Scaling is a dental process that involves removing the calculus deposits or stains on the teeth. It can be likened to scraping peeling paint on the wall. Polishing, on the other hand, is the process of smoothing the teeth as scaling can make the teeth feel rough. During this time, the dentist may also provide additional protection to the teeth by applying a small amount of fluoride.