Understanding Gum Recession Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options in Columbia, SC

Causes of Gum Recession:

Several factors can contribute to gum recession. The primary causes include:


Periodontal Disease: Gum disease, particularly in its advanced stage (periodontitis), is a leading cause of gum recession. The infection destroys the gum tissue and underlying bone, leading to the recession of the gums.

Aggressive Brushing: Brushing your teeth too hard or using a toothbrush with hard bristles can damage the delicate gum tissue, causing it to recede over time.

Poor Oral Hygiene: Inadequate dental care, such as irregular brushing and flossing, can result in the accumulation of plaque and tartar. Over time, these substances can cause gum inflammation, leading to recession.

Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can make the gums more sensitive and prone to recession.

Genetics: Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to gum recession, making them more susceptible to the condition.

Symptoms of Gum Recession:

It's essential to be aware of the signs and symptoms of gum recession, which may include:

Tooth Sensitivity: Exposed tooth roots due to receding gums can cause heightened sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures.

Long Teeth Appearance: As the gum tissue recedes, the teeth may appear longer than usual, making your smile appear less aesthetically pleasing.

Gum Discoloration: The gum tissue may appear darker or have patches of discoloration as a result of recession.

Tooth Mobility: In advanced cases, gum recession can lead to tooth mobility or loosening.

Treatment Options:

Columbia, SC offers various treatment options for individuals dealing with gum recession:

Scaling and Root Planing: This deep cleaning procedure removes plaque and tartar buildup from the teeth and root surfaces, allowing the gum tissue to heal and reattach.

Gum Grafting: In severe cases, where the gum recession is extensive, gum grafting may be necessary. The procedure involves taking tissue from another area of the mouth, such as the palate, and grafting it onto the receded areas to restore gum tissue.

Pinhole Surgical Technique (PST): This minimally invasive procedure involves making small holes in the gum tissue and gently repositioning it to cover the exposed roots.

Oral hygiene adjustments: Improving oral hygiene practices, such as using a soft-bristled toothbrush, practicing proper brushing and flossing techniques, and using antibacterial mouthwash, can help prevent further gum recession.

Regular Dental Check-ups: Routine dental visits allow your dentist to monitor and manage gum recession early on, preventing its progression and addressing any underlying issues promptly.

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