When you have swelling or inflammation of your gum tissue then this condition is said to be Pericoronitis. It usually happens around your wisdom teeth and it is more commonly occur in your lower teeth. In the early 20s or in late teens when the third and final set of molars erupt then most people get pericoronitis.
It can be acute pericoronitis or chronic pericoronitis. When the symptoms like swelling, fever, and pain also indicate a spreading infection then this is acute pericoronitis. While in chronic pericoronitis, is a mild persistent inflammation of the area. It occurs specifically around a partially erupted tooth where the tooth has not completely erupted from the gum. This is how it is different from periodontal disease.
When over a partially erupted wisdom tooth soft-tissue growth happens then this is called an operculum. Under the operculum, bacteria can get trapped. To enter around the tooth and cause swelling and infection, this condition allows an opening for bacteria. A bacterial film, plaque, bacteria, or food debris remains on teeth after eating. This may also get caught underneath the gingiva a flap of gum around a tooth. It can irritate the gum and lead to pericoronitis if it stays there. The infection and swelling may extend beyond the jaw to the cheeks and neck in serious cases.
The symptoms of pericoronitis can be either chronic or acute. Chronic symptoms include:
Where the symptoms of acute pericoronitis are:
The risk factors of pericoronitis include these:
The healing of pericoronitis depends on the severity and on the complexity of the infection. It also depends on the level of the immunity of the patient and the type of treatment used for the infection.
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