Interior Designing- A Brief Introduction to This Subject

Interior designing as a career is a golden opportunity job prospect for every artistic and creative candidate. Interior design is a fascinating subject that is a cross of interior architecture, art, and design and uses particular engineering skills. Students aiming for interior designing courses must know these required skills heavily demanded of any good interior designer. Candidates are required to have specific skills that heavily benefit them in being a professional Interior designer with recommendable skills like the proper conduct of flawless communication, business and marketing skills, basic computer skills for CAD (Computer-aided designs), artistic and visualising skills that help you chalk out immediate plans for future projects and creative, innovative and out of thinking skills, etc.

Get the best guidance and education in interior design courses at one of India’s best renowned and top-ranking institutions, JD Institute of Fashion Technology, India’s number one fashion and design-related education institution.

Interior designing is a layered subject of theoretical education and practical skills. Various subjects are focusing on basic interior design studies, history of interior design, innovative strategies in home development, updated information in the interior design industry, studies on technologies related to the said subject, computer-aided designing and many more that are covered throughout the year-round duration of all types of interior designer courses in Kolkata. Here are the seven essential key elements in Interior design that every student interested in interior design should be aware of:

1. Space- The first thing that comes to the top of the list of critical elements in interior designing is space. It acts as a canvas to an inspired artist. It can be of any size or form, but it is up to the artist to determine how to brilliantly utilise the canvas to fit in their artwork in that canvas without swamping the space. The concept and the planning of managing the area consider the room’s height, length, and width. The planning and blueprint of the space create a detailed layering of how to utilise the space and gain a maximum advantage that the area offers. Decorating and furnishing a room with decorations and furniture is undoubtedly essential to make the space comfortable and functional. Still, decors make it much more personalised and customised for the resident. But at the same time, too much in the room can lead to crowding, which often happens due to amateur planning of space utilisation or without any professional knowledge of space perceptivity, and cluttering of excessive furniture and decors are not ideal as it can lead to cramping and makes the room look much smaller and confining.
Proper knowledge of space and spatial perception, careful planning, knowledge in interior designing and a perfect understanding of the science and psychology behind the impact of space in interior designing leads to discovering the highest potential utility of that space in the room.

2. Lights- Lighting fixtures in any room is of vital importance as it sets the vibe and ambience of the space. It creates and forms the foundation to the proper feeling of what vibe and atmosphere you are trying to establish. There are several categories of lights for the room, and the main three would be the natural sunlight, ambient lighting, accent or task lights. The size and position of the windows ensure how much sunlight you get to enjoy in your room, and more sunlight means better. Ambient lightings are the overhead lights or the wall lights that light up the entire room. Task lights are for specific and relatively smaller portions of the room, like a table lamp. Finally, the now-famous accent or decorative lights are the aesthetic lightings like fairy lights, neon lights in decorative patterns or a design, wall sconces, torchiere lightings etc.

3. Colours- As often argued and advocated by many experts, the colours fall in the top 3 categories in the seven key elements of interior designing. The colours accompany the lights to create ambience in the room. The intricate science behind colours in a room and the profound effect of colours on human minds are among the most exciting aspects of interior design. Colours can either make or break your mood, and in most cases, it has been noted that specific colours bring forth certain aspects of human behaviour, and the wrong colours can tamper with emotions. Softer colours within the shades of peach, green and blue are labelled as calm and relaxing. Yellow, cream, beige, and certain shades of brown are also relaxing and calm and extremely warm. The warm undertones of such hues in the room lead to a much happier and vibrant ambience. -On the other hand, warm-toned or neutral-toned dark colours in the room are dramatic and look regal if decorated right. There are many more types of colours and matters of undertones, layering, lighting quality, and others that need to be studied and understood better.

4. Textures- Textures of the room are essential to pay attention to in any room. It subtly affects what aesthetic or type of style you are going for. It involves the room’s look as it can give your room a velvety texture or smooth finish or maybe steely and cold texture etc. The type of texture you choose for your furniture, decors, walls, cabinets etc., reflect the light and also thus affects the ambience and lighting quality in the room.

5. Lines- The understanding of lines in a room is explained in three categories- vertical, horizontal and angular or dynamic. Steep as in the doors, doorways, pillars, windows, sides of furniture and such. Flat as in the furniture tops, interior window ledge, bed tops etc. Angular curves in the room are dynamic in the line category. The curvature ceilings, an arch in the doorways etc. Lines strongly affect the ambience and style of the room. For example, proper usage of vertical lines in the room can give the visual illusion that the space is more prominent than before and that straighter and sharper lines are primarily used in offices. At the same time, curved structures and furniture are reserved for many informal spaces like bedrooms.

6. Forms- Forms are what types and shapes of furniture you are going for. For example, if your room is supposed to be cozy, are you going for the curved structured and cushioned chairs and sofa? Or for the sharp minimalist style, is the room going to have sleek and shapely tables and straight chairs? Every form and type of furniture must match the aesthetic and thee of the room.

7. Patterns- This list’s seventh element is the pattern on the rugs, carpets, furniture, walls, ceilings, doors, sofa, chairs, drapes, and photo frames. These are the finishing touches to the room but yet are massively important. The perfect pattern structures are those interesting patterns that attract attention yet don’t stick out like a sore thumb or are perfectly in tune with the theme and style of the room.

The role of an interior designer falls in perfecting these seven elements and masterfully creating step by step plans to employ the space entirely, understand the client’s demand and perspective and create a stunning, well-structured and aesthetic blend of light, colours, patterns, lines, textures and form in the room.

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