Throat cancer refers to cancer of the throat (pharynx) or voice box (larynx). The muscular tube that runs from behind your nose to your neck is your throat. The flat cells that line the inside of your throat are where most throat cancers start. Your voice box, which is located right below your throat, is also vulnerable to throat cancer. The vocal cords vibrate to generate sound when you speak, and the voice box is comprised of cartilage. In this article, we have listed the throat cancer treatment therapies.
If the tumor is tiny and circumscribed, surgery can frequently remove it successfully and with few adverse effects. If the tumor has migrated to other parts of your body, surgery will be more involved and may include the removal of sections of your throat, mouth, jaw, or voice box. Your ability to speak, chew, swallow, and breathe may be harmed in these situations.
Reconstructive surgery can help you regain your appearance as well as your ability to speak and swallow. In your mouth, prosthetic devices may be used to replace missing teeth, gums, and jawbones. In more advanced cases, feeding and breathing tubes, as well as an artificial voice help, may be required.
Radiation therapy can be used as a primary treatment for certain tiny cancers. It is also used to treat advanced malignancies after surgery or in conjunction with chemotherapy.
Chemotherapy is the treatment of cancer cells with chemicals. To treat throat cancer, researchers are seeking effective medicines or therapeutic combinations. They are also looking into combining chemotherapy with other cancer treatments to help destroy tumors and stop the disease from spreading.
Chemotherapy is frequently used in conjunction with radiation therapy for advanced malignancies, usually in the context of a therapeutic clinical study.
Immunotherapy is a cancer treatment that makes use of your immune system. Because cancer cells create proteins that assist them hide from immune system cells, your body's disease-fighting immune system may not attack your cancer. Immunotherapy works by interfering with the immune system's natural processes. Immunotherapy is often reserved for those with advanced throat cancer who have failed to respond to traditional treatments.
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